Saturday, December 21, 2019

My Philosophy of Knowledge from the Article ‘Islam and the...

Introduction The article ‘Islam and the Sciences of Nature: Some Fundamental Questions’, written by Dr. Mehdi Golshani is selected to be discussed. Mehdi Golshani was born in Isfahan, Iran in 1939. He graduated from Tehran and then California Berkeley University with a B.S. and Ph.D. in Physics with specialization in particle physics. He is professor of physics at Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran in which he founded the Faculty of the Philosophy of Science in 1995, and has been its chairman since then. In his thought there is no separation between the Science and Religion; the religion and science are interrelated that without the philosophy of religion, the scientific investigation is of no use. Background Knowledge, ilm, can be divided into two categories of Islamic sciences and the various other sciences not considered theologically. According to Islamic practice, God is the most praise worthy and the source of knowledge whose worship can be performed by knowledge acquisition if it is done for his sake. This kind of thought which can be also noted in Illuminationism doctrine is based on the Qur’anic verse that Ø §Ã™â€žÃ™â€žÃ™â€˜Ã™Å½Ã™â€¡Ã™  Ù†Ù Ã™Ë†Ã˜ ±Ã™  Ø §Ã™â€žÃ˜ ³Ã™â€˜Ã™Å½Ã™â€¦Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã™Ë†Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã˜ ªÃ™  ÙˆÙŽØ §Ã™â€žÃ™â€™Ã˜ £Ã™Å½Ã˜ ±Ã™â€™Ã˜ ¶Ã™  Ù…ÙŽØ «Ã™Å½Ã™â€žÃ™  Ù†Ù Ã™Ë†Ã˜ ±Ã™ Ã™â€¡Ã™  ÙÆ'ÙŽÙ…Ù Ã˜ ´Ã™â€™Ã™Æ'ÙŽØ §Ã˜ ©Ã™  Ù Ã™ Ã™Å Ã™â€¡Ã™Å½Ã˜ § Ù…Ù Ã˜ µÃ™â€™Ã˜ ¨Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã˜ ­Ã™Å' Ø §Ã™â€žÃ™â€™Ã™â€¦Ã™ Ã˜ µÃ™â€™Ã˜ ¨Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã˜ ­Ã™  Ù Ã™ Ã™Å  Ø ²Ã™ Ã˜ ¬Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã˜ ¬Ã™Å½Ã˜ ©Ã™  Ø §Ã™â€žÃ˜ ²Ã™â€˜Ã™ Ã˜ ¬Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã˜ ¬Ã™Å½Ã˜ ©Ã™  ÙÆ'ÙŽØ £Ã™Å½Ã™â€ Ã™â€˜Ã™Å½Ã™â€¡Ã™Å½Ã˜ § ÙÆ'َوْÙÆ'ÙŽØ ¨Ã™Å' Ø ¯Ã™ Ã˜ ±Ã™â€˜Ã™ Ã™Å Ã™â€˜Ã™Å' ÙŠÙ Ã™Ë†Ã™â€šÃ™Å½Ã˜ ¯Ã™  Ù…Ù Ã™â€  Ø ´Ã™Å½Ã˜ ¬Ã™Å½Ã˜ ±Ã™Å½Ã˜ ©Ã™  مّÙ Ã˜ ¨Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã˜ ±Ã™Å½Ã™Æ'ÙŽØ ©Ã™  Ø ²Ã™Å½Ã™Å Ã™â€™Ã˜ ªÃ™ Ã™Ë†Ã™â€ Ã™ Ã˜ ©Ã™  لَّØ § Ø ´Ã™Å½Ã˜ ±Ã™â€™Ã™â€šÃ™ Ã™Å Ã™â€˜Ã™Å½Ã˜ ©Ã™  ÙˆÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ § Ø ºÃ™Å½Ã˜ ±Ã™â€™Ã˜ ¨Ã™ Ã™Å Ã™â€˜Ã™Å½Ã˜ ©Ã™  ÙŠÙŽÙÆ'ÙŽØ §Ã˜ ¯Ã™  Ø ²Ã™Å½Ã™Å Ã™â€™Ã˜ ªÃ™ Ã™â€¡Ã™Å½Ã˜ § ÙŠÙ Ã˜ ¶Ã™ Ã™Å Ã˜ ¡Ã™  وَلَوْ لَمْ Ø ªÃ™Å½Ã™â€¦Ã™â€™Ã˜ ³Ã™Å½Ã˜ ³Ã™â€™Ã™â€¡Ã™  Ù†ÙŽØ §Ã˜ ±Ã™Å' نّÙ Ã™Ë†Ã˜ ±Ã™Å' Ø ¹Ã™Å½Ã™â€žÃ™Å½Ã™â€° Ù†Ù Ã™Ë†Ã˜ ±Ã™  يَهْØ ¯Ã™ Ã™Å  Ø §Ã™â€žÃ™â€žÃ™â€˜Ã™Å½Ã™â€¡Ã™  Ù„Ù Ã™â€ Ã™ Ã™Ë†Ã˜ ±Ã™ Ã™â€¡Ã™  Ù…ÙŽÙ† ÙŠÙŽØ ´Ã™Å½Ã˜ §Ã˜ ¡Ã™ Show MoreRelatedPhilosophical Implications of Cultural Relativism4081 Words   |  17 Pagesidea or principle and something else without expressing it directly. â€Å"Philosophical implications of cultural relativism†, suggests to put the idea of cultural relativism in clear, concise and readily understandable language, supporting with reasons from other ideas, principles, and observations to establish conclusion and overcome objections. 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